Birthmarks are superficial or deep marks on the skin surface that appear in different colors acquired during birth. They could appear immediately after birth or some days after the delivery of the baby. Although some are confident about these, it creates uncomfortable lives to those whose birthmarks appear on the face. To get rid of these completely, a birthmark removal specialist is needed so that he or she chooses the appropriate laser or surgery method depending on the type of birthmark and its severity.
Types of Birthmarks, Which People Can Have
Red, Purple and Blue Birth Marks
These are also called the port wine birthmarks that occur due to capillary structural malformations. They are normally superficial, and they occur on the face, neck and the shoulders as well. They are not that severe, but because they are exposed to the world, they could create a level of low self-esteem which is why it is good to have birthmark removal. Visakhapatnam specialists employ birthmark removal techniques that are directed towards eradicating the colors to escalate the birthmark eradication process.
Brown and Black Birthmarks
These are the types of birthmarks which are known to be caused by Nevi cells. These usually appear later in life, though some are present from birth itself. They are hard to remove completely with laser alone, especially the ones that are located on the face because they are from the cells not capillaries like the above ones. Since Nevi cells cannot be killed completely for birthmark removal, at Visakhapatnam we at Visakha Institute of Skin & Allergy, would discuss alternative options including surgery and using creams to lighten the marks.
Methods Used in Birthmark Removal
Intense Pulse Light (IPL) is the one responsible for the removal of permanent birthmarks from people’s skin. Although birthmark removal specialist may combine it with a laser to produce enhanced results, it is known to effectively work alone without any side effects.
Laser therapy, on the other hand, targets superficial capillaries to remove superficial birthmarks. This makes it easy for people with the port wine birthmarks to get rid of them quickly. There are various methods of laser that can be applied to people depending on their skin type and severity of the birthmark itself.
The Q-Switched ND-YAG laser is a laser method known to be efficiently removing birthmarks. It works by emitting wavelengths of light of high-intensity, which create heat on the cells that are forming the birthmark making it disappear quickly. Depending on the severity of the birthmark, the intensity of the wavelength could be increased, or reduced could be made small or large.
Surgery is also a way of birthmark removal when the other non-invasive methods have failed. However, if one has a very large birthmark, surgery may not be possible.
The physical examination must be done to know the extent of the birthmark by a birthmark removal specialist before the laser procedure is applied so that optimum laser intensity is applied for more enhanced results to be obtained. An estimated duration of 4-6 weeks is needed for the birthmarks to be completely eradicated regardless of the method used.